The Montessori Method consists of four areas: Sensorial, Math,
Practical Life and Language. Children are encouraged to explore each
area. These areas are enriched with Art, Geography, Science, Music,
Library and Movement. Citizenship training and ethics are taught as

These materials help your child to classify and understand all that he
takes in through the senses. Each of the sensorial materials isolates
one quality such as texture, size, shape, color or sound. The child’s
full attention is focused on that quality. It is the aim of Montessori to
not only introduce the child to new impressions, but also to help him
understand those things that he is exposed to everyday.

Dr. Montessori demonstrated that if children have access to
mathematical equipment in their early years, they can easily and
joyfully assimilate many facts and skills of arithmetic. The children
work first from concrete examples of numbers-number beads, then
chains and then finally to the abstract.

Montessori gives the child concrete objects for the hand in order to
help the understanding. The math equipment isolates one concept for
the child to absorb. The materials are concrete and represent all types
of quantities which the child is free to manipulate as he counts. He not
only sees the quantities for 1, 10, 100, 1000, etc. but he can hold them
in his hand. Later, he is shown the written symbols, or number for
that quantity. When the child is ready for the mathematical
operations like addition, he can actually perform the operation with
concrete materials. There are a variety of materials the child can use
for the same operation. This variety not only maintains the child’s
interest, but allows for much repetition. In this way, the child gains a
true understanding of the operation.

Practical Life
Practical Life exercises are everyday life activities which form a link
between house and school. They include such exercises as hand
washing, polishing shoes, metal and wood, plant care, and dressing
frames for practicing such everyday routines such as buttoning and
tying. These activities assist development of controlled and
coordinated movements, concentration, independence and the
completion of an activity. They also form the foundation for the later
work in the Montessori classroom. This area is a favorite of all

The Montessori language material helps the child to classify his/her
world by broadening their vocabulary. Through pictures and real
objects, the vocabulary is materialized. Reading begins when the child
is introduced to the sounds of the letter. Next, he is given the letter for
that sound, and finally he is shown how to put the sounds together to
form words. Reading and writing are introduced simultaneously in the
environment and the child develops these skills throughout the

"Never let a child risk failure until he has a reasonable chance of success"
    -Maria Montessori

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